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The ASEAN region is rich in biological diversity. The region occupies only three per cent of the world’s surface, yet it is home to approximately 19 per cent of all known species. Indonesia shows the highest biodiversity worldwide, while Myanmar ranks second within the ASEAN region.

Nevertheless, biodiversity is endangered due to rapid population expansion, persistent poverty, fast economic growth, as well as human intervention. Humans convert natural resources into resources that will satisfy their needs for survival, such as forests converted into grazing land to raise animals for profit. Humans are important considerations in conserving biodiversity; thus, to keep them from relying solely on natural resources, humans need to have alternative sources of income. Within these contexts, the Federal Government of Germany through the KfW Development Bank, has provided financial support to the Small Grants Programme (SGP) of the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity (ACB).

The SGP is implemented in the ASEAN Heritage Parks (AHPs) of Indonesia and Myanmar, while the SGP II is implemented in the AHPs of Viet Nam.

Implementing Partners

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Biodiversity conservation and management of natural resources in line with the basic needs of the people of ASEAN by strengthening the ASEAN Centre for Biodiversity

Improve biodiversity protection in line with the
interests of the local population directly
dependent on selected AHPs and adjacent areas

Improve the livelihood of local communities directly dependent on selected AHPs or adjacent areas

Strengthen the role of ACB in promoting
biodiversity protection among the ASEAN
Member States


Small Grants Programming
Financing the development and implementation of small grants for biodiversity protection with the participation of the local population in and around AHPs in the jointly selected ASEAN member states;
Regional Coordination and Management
Financing dissemination/PR material workshops, training and exposure as well as management of the Programme to be facilitated by the ACB
Financing capacity development measures for implementation partners at regional, national and local level as well as support in the management of the Programme.

SGP Indonesia:
Where biodiversity meets sustainable livelihood

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Implementation Sites:

  • Gunung Leuser National Park
  • Way Kambas National Park

Way Kambas National Park (WKNP)

WKNP is the oldest reserve in Indonesia and is home to the Sumatran Elephant. The park management faces several challenges...

Gunung Leuser National Park (GLNP)

GLNP is a national park in Indonesia that covers almost inaccessible mountains. The Alas River runs through the park, which...

27,164.15 hectares

protected and monitored

270,100 hectares


3,538 beneficiaries

trained with various capacity development activities
(1,653 GLNP and 1,875 WKNP)

27 new products

developed under the livelihood model

12 locations

facilitated for ecotourism development

1,515.50 hectares

area of managed conservation partnerships

contributed to conservation of key species:

Orangutan, Tigers, Rhinoceros, and Elephants
75 total grantees

in SGP Indonesia


Implementation Sites:

  • Alaungdaw Kathapa National Park
  • Indawgyi Lake Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Meinmahla Kyun Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Nat Ma Taung National Park
133,780 seedlings


12 village waste


30 handy pods


27 participants

trained on Protected Area Management Planning

8 trainings

conducted at national level as of June 2023

160 acres community forestry


Viet Nam

Implementation Sites:

  • Ba Be National Park
  • Chu Mom Ray National Park
  • Hoang Lien National Park
  • Kon Ka Kinh National Park
12 village waste


30 handy pods


133,780 seedlings


4 Heritage Parks


130,000 hectares


10 per cent

mammal species in world

4 per cent

of its flora are endemic

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